english-verbal-notes-word-power-and-vocabulary-theory-part7

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Word Power & Vocabulary TABLE  OF CONTENTS: Theory Part-1 Theory Part-2 Theory Part-3 Theory Part-4 Theory ...


Word Power & Vocabulary

Theory Part-7


Some Example: Vocabulary Based Tests

FORMAT 1
In each of the following question, a word is given in capital letters followed by four alternative words is given  in capital letters following by four alternative words marked a-d select from the alternatives the word nearest in meaning to the word given in capital letters:

Example I-  DISTASTEFUL

(A) Not delicious             (b) Tasteless  (c) Unpleasant   (d) Useless
Distasteful means something that offends the senses, feelings or opinions.
Unpleasant means something failing to please. As both these words convey meaning (i.e. bad), they are synonymous


Example 2-ACQUIESCE

(A) Something liquid         (b) Watery          (c) Consent                   (d) to know some one
Acquiesce suggests a minimal compliance or a compliance or a compliance complelled by outside force. Consent suggests giving of permission or the acceptance of a proposal. However, both the words refer to a positive response.

Example 3- Escalate

(a)  Retard                         (b) step up         (c) hamper                   (d) oppose
Escalate implies a gradual process or a series of sudden or surprise spurts. Step-up suggests a series of spurts with intervals between them. However, both words imply heightening of something in scale.


FORMAT 2
In each of the following questions, there are three words, which are meanings of a certain word. Select the word from the answer choices provided in each question:
Example 4- everlasting, endless, unending
     (a)  Living                       (b) eternal         (c) increased                     (d) durable
Eternal means something that will never cease. Hence, B
Example 5- flees, escape, and run away
(a)  Abscond                   (b) hide              (c) go underground           (d) forcing
Abscond means escaping from detention and mainly refers to embezzlement or theft in which property is illegally seized
Example 6- absolves, acquit, vindicate
(a)  Banish                       (b) exonerate     (c)subsist                   ( d) resist
Exonerate means to free from accusation or blame and is a synonyms of the three words mentioned above
FORMAT 3
In each of the following question there are four words marked a –d. While three of them Are synonymous or have more or less same meaning, one is altogether different from the rest. Select from answer choices the word, which is different from the rest – ODD MAN OUT:
Example 7:
(a)  exile                   (b) banish                   (c) expatriate                          (d) exist
All other words refer to the sending away or placing a part of a person, group of people or things, except (d) exist, which mean to live.
Example 8:
(a)  witty                   (b) pleasant               (c) comical                 (d) humorous
All over words refer to what causes or what is intended to cause amusement or laughter, except, (B)
Example 9:
(a)  grim                   (b) dismal                  (c) cheerless                         (d) formal
All other words refer to appearances or prospects that are cold or unpromising, except (d)
FORMAT 4
In each of the following questions, there are four pairs of words marked a-d. Selected the old pair.
Example 10
(a)  frantic/tranquil   (b) fragile/study         (c) brittle/frail                          (d) mediocre/distinctive
Answer:          Options A B and D are antonyms. Option (c) is that of synonyms. Hence,(C)
Example 11
(a)  turbulent/tranquil                                                                       (b) deplete/revitalize
(c) terse/lengthy                                                                             (d) stigma/taint
Answer:  A, B and C are antonyms. Only option (d) is that of synonyms
Example 12
(a)  persist/endure                                                                           (b) persistent/continuous
(c)Perimeter/centre                                                                       (d) forswear/disclaim
Answer: options (a)(b) and(d) are synonyms. Option (C) is not such hence it is the odd man out.



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