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Word Power & Vocabulary TABLE  OF CONTENTS: Theory Part-1 Theory Part-2 Theory Part-3 Theory Part-4 Theory ...


Word Power & Vocabulary

Theory Part-5


List of Foreign Words and Phrases
Certain foreign words/expressions are frequently used in the English language. Some examinations ask questions to test the candidates' knowledge of these words:

S.No
Word
Origin


  1.  
An initio
Latin


  1.  
Ab origine
Latin


  1.  
Addendum
Latin


  1.  
Ad hoc
Latin


  1.  
Ad infinitum
Latin


  1.  
Ad interim
Latin


  1.  
Ad libitum
Latin


  1.  
Ad nauseam
Latin


  1.  
Ad valorem
Latin


  1.  
A fortiori
Latin


  1.  
Aide-de-camp
French


  1.  
A la carte
French


  1.  
Alias
Latin

    15
Alma mater
Latin

16.  
Ante meridian
Latin

17.  
Au fait
French

18.  
Bandolero
Spanish

19.  
Bella donna
Italian 

20.  
Beta noire
French

21.  
Bona fide
Latin

22.  
Bon enfant
French

23.  
Bon voyaga
French

24.  
Cadre
French

25.  
Canard
French

26.  
Carte blanche
French

27.  
Charge d safaries
French

28.  
Compte rendu
French

29.  
Confer
Latin

30.  
Corpus delicti
Latin

31.  
Corrigendum
Latin

32.  
Coupdetat
Latin

33.  
Coup de grace
French

34.  
Coup de main
French

35.  
Cuisine
French

36.  
De facto
Latin

37.  
De jure
Latin

38.  
De novo
Latin

39.  
De trop
Afresh 

40.  
Elite
French

41.  
Emeritus
Latin

42.  
En attendant
French

43.  
En block
French

44.  
En effect
French

45.  
En masse
French

46.  
Esprit de crops
French

47.  
Exempli gratia
French

48.  
Ex gratia
Latin

49.  
Ex office
Latin

50.  
Ex parte
Latin

51.  
Ex post facto
Latin

52.  
Ex templore
Latin

54
Facsimile
Latin


S.No.
Word
Origin
Meaning

55.
fait accompli
French
A thing done (without reference to interested parties); a work surely done

56.
faux pas
French
A false step or social blunder

57.
festina lente
Latin
Make haste slowly; careful

58.
gratis
Latin
Free of charge

59.
honouriscausa
Latin
Honorary

60..
ibidem (ibid)
Latin
In the same place; used for subsequent references(s) to the same place

61.
idem
Latin
The same

62.
in aetemum
Latin
Eternal or forever

63.
in initio
Latin
In the beginning

64.
in statu quo
Latin
Its original state

65.
inter alia
Latin
Among other things

66.
in toto
Latin
Completely or entirely or in total

67.
ipso facto
Latin
In fact; virtually; really

68.
ipso jure
Latin
By the law

69.
jure humano
Latin
By man's law

70.
lacuna
Latin
A gap; shortcoming

71.
laissez-faire
French
Complete freedom

72.
locus standi
Latin
A place for standing; the right to appear before a court or participate in a process.

73.
Mandamus
Latin
A writ issued by a higher court to a subordinate court

74.
material medica
Latin
Material used for medicine; in current use pharmacology is included

75.
matinee
French
An afternoon

76.
me judice
Latin
In my opinion

77.
memorabilia
Latin
Things to be remembered

78.
modus operandi
Latin
A method of doing something/operating

79.
note bene .
Latin
Note below

80.
obiter dictum
Latin
An opinion given by a judge in a court but not a verdict

81.
par excellence
French
Extra excellence; preeminent

82.
par exemple
French
For example

83.
part passu
Latin
With equal pace; together

84.
per annum
Latin
Per year; annually

85.
per capita
Latin
per person

86.
per mensum
Latin
per month

87.
per diem
Latin
per day; by the day

88.
persona grata
Latin
A welcome guest

89.
post moridiem
Latin
Afternoon (pm)

90.
post mortem
Latin
An examination of dead body to find cause of death; after death

LIST OF PHOBIAS
A phobia is the unreasonable, unrealistic and excessive fear to a particular object, objects or situation.
Ablutophobia
Fear of washing, bathing or cleaning
Achluophobia
 Fear of darkness
Acousticophobia
Fear of noise or sound
Acrophobia
Fear of heights or high places
Aeroacrophobia
Fear of open high place
Ailyrophobia(also known as felinophobia)
Fear of cats
Algophobia
Fear of pain
Ambulophobia
Fear of walking
Androphobia
Fear of men
Anthophobia
Fear of flowers
Anthropophobia
Fear of people
Apiphobia
Fear of bees
Arachnophobia
Fear of spiders
Arithmophobia
Fear of numbers
Astraphobia
Fear of lightning
Aurophobia
Fear of gold
Aviophobia
Fear of flying
Bathophobia
Fear of depths
Belomophobia
Fear of needles
Bibliophobia
Fear of books
Chionophobia
Fear of snow
Chrometophobia
Fear of money
Claustrophobia
Fear of confined or enclosed spaces
Cynophobia (also known as Caninophobia)
Fear of dogs or rabies
Dendrophobia
Fear of trees
Dipsophobia
Fear of drinking
Electrophobia
Fear of electricity
Enochlophobia
Fear of crowds
Entomophobia
Fear of insects
Febriphobia
Fear of fever
Galephobia
Fear of sharks
Gamophobia
Fear of marriage
Gerascophobia
Fear of growing old
Gynephobia
Fear of women
Haematophobia
Fear of blood
Heterophobia
Fear of the opposite sex
Hiliophobia
Fear of the sun
Kinesophobia
Fear of movement of motion
Ligyrophobia
Fear of loud noise
Logophobia
Fear of words
Musophobia
Fear of mice
Noctiphobia
Fear of the night
Nosocomephobia
Fear of hospitals
Ochlophobia
Fear of crowds
Ombrophobia
Fear of Rain
Onomatophobia
Fear of a specific word or name
Ophidiophobia
Fear of a snakes
Ornithophobia
Fear of birds
Orthophobia
Fear of propriety
Paterophobia
Fear of the Fathers(of the early Church)
Pedophobia
Fear of children
Peniaphobia
Fear of poverty
Phasmophobia
Fear of ghosts
Philemaphobia
Fear of kissing

Philophobia
fear of falling in love or of being in love
Plutophobia
Fear of wealth
Pyrophobia
Fear of fire
Selenophobia
Far of the moon
Siderodromophobia
Fear of trains
Syngenesophobia
Fear of relatives
Tachophobia
Fear of speed
Thalassophobia
Fear of theology
Theophobia
Fear of God
Triskaidekaphibia
Fear of the number 13
Trypanophobia
Fear of injections
Xenophobia
Fear of strangers of foreigners
Zemmiphobia
Fear of the great mole rat
Zeusophobia
Fear god or gods
Zoophobi                                                             Fear of animals

Terms for Wedding Anniversaries

Wood
5years
Tin
10 years
Crystal
15 years
China
20 year
Silver
25 years
Pearl
30 years
Coral
35years
Ruby
40 years
Sapphire
45 years
Golden
50 years
Emerald
55 years
Diamond
60 years
Platinum
75years


Offspring (Young ones) of  animals/birds

Animals /bird
Offspring
Ass, donkey
Foal, colt (male) ,filly (male)
Bear
Cub
Butterfly
Caterpillar
Camel
Foal
Cat
Kitten
Cow
Calf (male), heifer (female)
Deer
Fawn, calf ,kid pricket/brocket (male)
Duck
Ducking
Elephant
Foal, calf
Fish
Minnow
Fox
Cub
Frog
Tadpole
Goat
Kid, yearling
Goose
Gosling
Hare
Leveret
Hen
Chicken, pullet
Horse
Colt, foal (male), filly (female)
Kangaroo
Joey
Leopard/Lion
Cub
Peacock
Pea-Chicken
Pig
Piglet, pigling, shoat, gilt (female)
Rabbit/rat
Nestling
Rhinoceros
Calf
Sheep
Lamb,tag,hog
Stag
Steer
Swan
Signet
Tiger
Cub
Wolf
Cub,whelp
Zebra
Foal,colt(male)(filly (female)

Male/Female
Animal
Male
Female
Ass, donkey
Jack, jackass, dicky
Jenny, jenny-ass, she-ass
Boar
Boar
Sow
Cat
Tom,gib/gib-cat
She-cat, queen, tabby, pussy-cat
Cattle
Bull,ox (castrated)
Cow
Deer
Buck,stag, hart
Doe, hind
Dog
Bull
Cow
Elephant
Bull
Cow
Fox
Dog,vix
Vixen
Goat
Billy,buck
Manny,doe
Hare
Buck,jack
Doe,puss
Horse
Stallion,horse,sire stud, gelding (Castrated)
Mare, dam
Kangaroo
Buck,boomer
Doe,blue,flier
Leopard
Leopard
Leopardess
Lion
Lion
Lioness
Pig
Boar, hog (castrated)
Sow, gilt
Rabbit
Buck
Doe
Rhinoceros
Bull
Cow
Sheep
Ram, tup, wether,(castrated)
Ewe
Tiger
Tiger
Tigress
Walrus
Bull
Cow
Wolf
Dog, he-wolf
Bitch,she-wolf
Zebra
Stallion
Mare

Word Denoting Sound Made by Animals/Birds
Animal/bird
Sound they make
Animal/bird
Sound they make
Apes
Gibber
Hyena
Laugh
Bears
Growl
Lambs
Bleat
Bees
Hum
Larks
Sing
Birds
Sing; chirp; warble
Lions
Roar
Bulls
Bellow
Mice
Squeak
Beetles
Drone
Monkeys
Chatter
Calves/goats
Bleat
Nightingales
Warble
Camels
Grunt
Owls
Boot
Cats
Mew
Parrots
Talk
Cocks
Crow
Pigeons
Coo
Convent
Where nuns live
Pigs
Grunt
Crows
Caw
Puppies
Yelp
Dogs
Bark
Ravens
Crock
Doves
Coo
Swans
Cry
Ducks
Quack
Thrushes
Whistle
Elephants
Trumpet
Serpents
Hiss
Flies
Buzz
Sheep
Bleat
Frogs
Croak
Squirrels
Squeak
Foxes
Yelp
Tigers
Roar: growl
Geese
Cackle
Turkey
Gobble
Hawks
Scream
Wolves
Yell
Hens
Cluck
Swallows
Twitter
Horses
Night; snort
Sparrow
Chirp; twitter
Jackals
howl


List of words for Specific Places                      
Specific
Purpose
Aerodrome
Where aeroplanes are kept
Aquarim
Enclosure for keeping domestic fishes
Apiary
Where bees are kept
Barn
Where owls live
Barracks
Where soldier live
Bakery
Where bread/biscuits are manufactured
Brewery
Where wine is produced
Burrow
Where rabbits live
Byre
Where cows live
Cage
Enclosure for domestic animals/birds
Cemetery
Where bead bodies are buried
Clock room
Luggage storing place at a railway/ station
Confectionery
Where confections or sweets are prepared
Crematorium
Where dead bodies are cremated
Den
Where lions live
Dockyard
Where ships are built
Distillery
Where liquor/spirits/whiskey is produced
Dispensary
Out-patient department where medicines are dispense
Garage
Where car/vehicles are kept
Granary
Storage place of grains
Guest annexes
Special room in a house for guests
Graveyard
Where dead bodies are buried
Hive
Where bees live
Hosiery
Where knitted-wear is manufactured
Hatchery
Where eggs/chickens are produced
Kennel
Where dogs live
Kiln
Where bricks are baked
Lair
Where tigers live
Mint
Where coins are made
Monastery
 Where monks live
Mortuary
Where dead bodies are temporarily kept (in hospitals)
Museum
Where curios are kept
Nest
Where birds live
Palace
where king lives
Pharmacy
Where medicines are prepared
Pen
Where sheep live
Stable
Where horses live
Studio
Where films are produced and processed
Tannery
Where leather is processes and produced
Treasury
Where treasure (wealth) is kept
Web
Where spiders live
Zoo
Where animal/birds are kept

Some Colourful Adjectives


Ribald
Coarse and indecent
Pristine
Unspoiled primitive, pure, chaste
Raucous
Boisterous
Mundane
Routine or ordinary
Cacious
Unfeeling
Picaresque
Pertaining to type of fiction with a rogue as central character.
Nostalgic
Wistfully sentimental
Lurid
Sensational
Innocuous
Harmless
Precocious
Showing premature development
Sallow
Yellowish in color
Svelte
Slender
Phlegmatic
Sluggish
Blasé
Bored
Grandiose
Imposing
Flaccid
Flabby
Posthumous
Happening after death
Statuesque
Graceful and dignified
Sal-adroit
Clumsy and awkward
Tacit
Unspoken
Aquiline
Hooked or curved like an eagle’s beak
Dolorous
Sad
Niggardly
Stingy
Obstreperous
Unruly
Pallid
Pale
Sumptuous
Luxurious
Piquant
Having a pungent test
Grisly
Gruesome
Poignant
Painful and distressing to the feelings
Resilient
Elastic
Oblique
Slanting or indirect
Hoary
Gray with age

Words Related to Painting, Sculpture and Drawing

Abstract
A painting that does not portray natural objects or figures, but uses line, massage of colour, and geometrical forms such as oblongs, squares, circles etc.
Bases-relief
A piece of sculpture on which the figures are raised out only slightly from a background panel or wall, such as a frame on a building.

Chiaroscuro
(1)  The distribution and treatment of light and shade in picture
(2)  A kind of picture using only light and shade and no definite lines.

Fresco
A painting made by applying colours to wet plaster surface, so that they sink in deep and dry with the plaster.

Frieze
A long strip of band of decoration, as on a building, ornamented with lettering, sculpture scrolls, etc.

Gouache(gwosh)
A painting using opaque colours mixed with water and gum.
Impasto
A method of painting in which colours are applied thickly so that they stand out from the canvas.
Impressionism
A late nineteenth century theory and style of painting that tried to produce a visual impression of the subject with the colour values of light and air, sometimes purposely resulting in paintings that seem misty or vaguely out of focus.
Mobile
Piece of sculpture made of wire, strips of metal etc, in such a way that it moves when touched or blown by the wind.
Mosaic
Art of creating images by assembling small pieces of coloured glass, stone or other materials.
Mural
Mural
Painting applied directly to a wall or ceiling.
Palette
Flat, piece of wood, plastic, etc. Or which the paints used by an artist are mixed.


Pastel
Drawing made with colored crayons, especially soft cyayons made of pipe, clay, pigment and rum water.
Study
Preliminary sketch or exercise, as preliminary rough stetch of an object o landscape that will later be the subject of a painting.
Tempera
(1)  A fast-drying paint made of colours that are mixed  with water and egg yolk
(2)  A painting made from such paint.
Watercolour
(1)  A painting made with pigments mixed in water
(2)  Paint having water as the medium


Major types of Animals


Aquatic
Animals living in or near water, such as fish, whales, ducks etc.
Arboreal
Animal living in trees, as most birds, monkey, etc.
Biped
An animal having only two feet, such as man, apes and birds.
Carnivorous
An animal that feeds chiefly or exclusively on meat, like dogs, wolves, lions, tigers.
Herbivorous
An animal that feeds mainly on vegetable matter, plant eating.
Marsupial
Order of mammals whose females nourish and protect their born in a pouch in the abdomen. For e.g. kangaroos and opossums.

Monotreme
A member of the lowest order of mammals whose females lay and hatch eggs, like the duck-animals that are billed like platypus.
Nocturnal
Animals those are more active during the night than in the day time, like bats, certain birds , some cats etc.
Oviparous
Animals belonging to a class whose females lay and hatch egg, like birds, most fish, and reptiles.
Pachyderm
Any of certain think-skinned, non-ruminant hoofed animals like the elephant, hippopotamus and rhinoceros.
Prehensile
Animals in the limbs capable of or adapted for grasping or holding. For e.g. hands or paws of man and some apes, monkey, bears, opossums et(c) and the tails of certain monkeys.

Words Denoting Various Sounds

Beat of a drum
Blaring of bands, trumpets
Blowing of a bugle
Booming of a gun
Buzz of a telephone
Chattering of teeth
Clanging of chains, hammers, arm
Clatter of hoofs, plates
Clinking of glasses, metal, keys
Crackling of fire
Crack of a whip
Creaking of doors of shoes
Hissing of steam
Howling of wind
Jingling of coins
Lapping of water
Patter of rain
Pealing or ringing of bells
Rattling of windows
Roaring of guns
Rustle of silk, leaves
Shriek of a whistle
Thundering or rumbling of clouds
 Slam of a door
Tick of a clock
Toot of a born
Twang of a bow
Whistling, roaring or howling of wind

Word Denoting Groups

A herd of deer/swine
A shoal of fish
A flock of geese/sheep
A stack of corn/wood/arms
A pair of shoes/pants/pajamas/jeans
A flight of steps /birds
A bunch of keys /plantains
A swarm of flies
A tribes of Arabs
A shower of rain
A suit of clothes
A sheaf of what/grain
A pack of wolves/hounds
A series of events
A bundle of hay
A bundle of sticks
A group of islands
A gang of labourers
A regiment of soldiers
A convoy of partridges
A chain of mountains
A nest of warm of ants
A hive or swarm of bees
A heap of mass o ruins/stones/sand
A fall of snow or rain
A clump or grove of trees


A herd of cattle
A drove of cattle
A crowd, or throng, or concourse, or multitude of people
A cluster of galaxy of stars
A sheaf of arrows
A flight or swarm of locusts
A brood or flock or chickens
A gang of thieves or robbers
A bunch or bouquet of flowers
A range of hills or mountains
A group of figures in a painting
A collection of relics or curiosities
A brace of pigeons
A bevy of ladies
A crew of sailors
A fell of hair
A string of camels
A band of musicians
A brace of pistols
A box of cigars
A group of figures in a painting
A collection of relics or curiosities
A brace of pigeons
A bevy of ladies
A crew of sailors
A fell of hair
A string of camels
A band of musicians
A brew of beer
A pile of arms
A posy of flowers
A stud of oxen
A team of player
A yoke of oxen
A board of directors
A brood of hens
A clock of birds
A hoard of gold
A horde of savages
A leash of hounds
A host of men
A litter of puppies
A muster of peacocks
A nursery of plants
A team of oxen
A staff of officials
 A basket of fruits
A cellar of wine




A clique of people
A clutch of eggs
A colony of people
A faggot of sticks
A family of sardines
A flight of stairs
A galaxy of beauties
A kennel of stairs
A museum of art
A master of soldiers
A packet of cigarettes
A squad of soldiers
A quiver of arrows
A pose of arrows
A bench of magistrates
A through of people
A groups  of actors
A battery of guns
A company of actors
A gallery of pictures
A division of troop
A shrubbery of shrubs
A congregation of worshippers
A jamboree of boy scouts
A syndicate of merchants
A commission of enquiry
A detachment of soldiers
A conference of delegates
A constellation of delegates
An outfit of clothes
An orchard of fruit trees
An assembly of people



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